Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, P. R. China.

2 Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Inflammatory and Immune Diseases, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, P. R. China.


This paper has aimed to review the available evidence on the association between Interleukin (IL) -10 -1082G/A, -592C/A gene polymorphisms and the risk of human immunodeficiency virus-1(HIV-1) infection. The data of PubMed updated in May 2021 were retrieved. The HIV infection risks were estimated in allelic, recessive, dominant, homozygous, heterozygous, over-dominant models of IL-10-1082G/A and-592C/A gene locus as odds ratio (OR) with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). The correlation was not significant between -1082G/A polymorphism and HIV-1 susceptibility (allelic model (G vs. A: OR (95% CI)=0.968 (0.878-1.067)); recessive model (GG vs. AA+AG: OR (95% CI)=0.940, (0.771-1.146)); dominant model (GG+AG vs. AA: OR (95% CI)=0.967(0.846-1.106)); homozygous model (GG vs. AA: OR (95% CI)=0.971(0.780-1.209)); heterozygous model (AG vs. AA: OR (95% CI)=0.988(0.797-1.224)) and over-dominant model (GG+AA vs. AG: OR (95% CI)=0.969(0.781-1.201)). IL-10-592C/A polymorphism might be related to HIV-1 in allelic model, dominant model, homozygous model and heterozygous model (OR (95% CI)(0.796-0.965); OR (95% CI)=0.793(0.664-0.948); OR (95% CI)=0.755,(0.612-0.930); OR (95% CI)=0.820(0.679-0.991), respectively), but not to recessive model and over-dominant model (OR (95% CI)=0.882(0.770-1.010) and OR (95% CI)=1.009(0.897-1.148)).