Document Type : Original Article


Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guilin 541001, Guangxi, China.


Background: Little is known about MBD2’s epigenetic regulation in the immune pathogenesis of CD4+T cell differentiation.
Objective: This study attempted to explore the mechanism of methyl-cpg-binding domain protein 2 (MBD2) in CD4+T cell differentiation stimulated by environmental allergen ovalbumin (OVA).
Methods: Mononuclear cells were separated from the spleen tissues of male C57BL/6 mice. The OVA interfered with the differentiation of splenic mononuclear cells and CD4+T cells. The CD4+T cells were obtained by magnetic beads and identified by CD4 labeled antibody. CD4+T cells were transfected with lentivirus to silence MBD2 gene. A methylation quantification kit was used to detect 5-mC levels.
Results: The purity of CD4+T cells reached 95.99% after magnetic beads sorting. Treatment with 200 μg/mL OVA stimulated the CD4+T cells differentiation to Th17 cells and promoted the secretion of IL-17. After being induced, the Th17 cell ratio increased. 5-Aza inhibited the Th17 cell differentiation and the IL-17 level in a dose-dependent manner. Under the intervention of the Th17 induction and 5-Aza, MBD2 silencing inhibited the differentiation of Th17 cell, and decreased the IL-17 and 5-mC levels in the cell supernatants. MBD2 silencing reduced the scale of the Th17 cell and IL-17 levels in the OVA-treated CD4+T cells.
Conclusion: MBD2 affected IL-17 and 5-mC levels by mediating the Th17 cell differentiation in splenic CD4+T cells that were interfered with 5-Aza. OVA induced Th17 differentiation and increased IL-17 levels, inhibited by MBD2 silencing.